E23-23: Problems with FT-IR Spectra and How to Avoid Them

One-Day Course
Tuesday, Nov. 14; 8:30am – 5:00pm

Dr. Ellen Miseo, Miseo Consulting
Dr. Jeff D’Agostino, Specac, Inc.

Users of FT-IR spectrometers may have received little or no formal training in spectroscopy and therefore cannot distinguish between “good” and “bad” spectra.  In this course, we will show many of the problems that are commonly encountered with FT-IR spectra measured by inexperienced (and often experienced!) users and show how to avoid them. Problems can appear from the instrument, the sample accessory and/or presentation.  Since the bulk of the samples that are currently analyzed are done by Attenuated Total Reflection, we will cover it in detail.  We will also address common problems associated with other accessories.  This year we will also be including a “tricks of the trade” component to the class. We also will have a hands-on component where the principles we are discussing will be demonstrated on a commercial instrument including accessory sampling errors and improper data processing.

This course is designed for scientists and engineers running infrared spectra who want to understand what constitute good spectra and how to achieve that using a variety of sampling techniques.  It is particularly aimed at those students who are not familiar with all the sampling techniques available and how they impact the quality of the spectrum.

  1. Instrument Issues
    a. How to diagnose instrument problems
    b. The impact of the lab environment on the instrument and spectra
    c. Optimizing data collection parameters to save time and get good spectra
    d. What does OQ and PQ mean for an FTIR
  2. Reflection Spectroscopy Including ATR, Diffuse Reflection and Reflection Absorption
    a. The effect of poor contact on internal reflection elements
    b. Not fully covering the beam in an internal reflection element
    c. Band distortions from all types of reflection spectra
    d. The effect of front surface reflection on diffuse reflection spectra
  3. Measurement Effects
    a. Spectral shifts introduced on vignetting (changing the beam diameter or shape)
    b. The effect of resolution on interpretation and spectral searching
    c. Assigning a structure based on the first hit of a spectral search
  4. Transmission Spectroscopy
    a. The effect of scattering, excessively thick samples, temperature changes and air bubbles on solution spectra
    b. The effect of atmospheric water vapor and carbon dioxide
    c. Interference fringes
    d. Artifacts seen on spectral subtraction
    e. Band distortions encountered during the measurement of polymer fibers

As a new component, we will address tips and tricks which are not typically taught in most training situations and address typical contaminants found in infrared spectroscopy.

Ellen Miseo has practiced infrared spectroscopy for her entire career.  Her primary interest is in infrared microscopy and infrared imaging.  Her accomplishments include development of equipment as well as foreseeing customer trends and adapting to them.  Dr. Miseo is Past President (2016) of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy and a member of the Coblentz Society and the American Chemical Society

Jeff D’Agostino is the Business Development Executive for Specac Inc. He has been in the FT-IR accessory business for 35 years. Working for the three of the top four FT-IR accessory companies. Jeff graduated from Central Connecticut State College (now University) with a bachelor’s in chemistry. Also, from Norwalk State Technical College with an Associates in Chemical Engineering, Having many positions as applications chemist, customer support, product manager, product training, sales and marketing. Participated in the concept, design and function of new IR accessories. This gives him a broad background in FT-IR accessories. Has been an invited speaker at many OEM workshops, webinars, IR Courses, presenting at trade shows, authoring posters, and co-authoring papers. Worked alongside many of the respected professionals in the industry. Jeff is a member of the Coblentz Society, Society for Applied Spectroscopy and ACS